Long-lived mutants in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans have been studied to determine if the mutations responsible for extended life were allelic. Three of four mutant strains studied (MK31, MK542, MK546) contain recessive mutations that significantly lengthen life; MK542 and MK546 consistently fail to complement the long life phenotype of age-1 and are therefore allelic. MK31, although longer lived than wild type, is equivocal, in some cases failing to complement age-1 but not in others. All three long-lived strains have reduced hermaphrodite self-fertility and also fail to complement for this presumed pleiotropic effect of the age-1 mutation. Each of these three strains also contains an independent mutation at unc-31 IV. Since the mutants were isolated in the same mutant hunt (Klass, 1983) using protocols that did not guarantee independence, the mutations cannot be assumed to be independently isolated.