Anastomotic leakage frequently complicates esophagectomy and can trigger a rare life- threatening complication, a tracheoesophageal fistula. No guideline has yet addressed this complication. Plastic surgeons play a crucial role for salvage surgery. When a re-operation is chosen the possibilities of flap interposition depend on how the thoracotomy was initially performed. This study tried to identify key techniques in order help thoracic or general surgeons to preserve all the local flaps available for TEF if it occurs. These techniques improve flap conservation, helping plastic surgeons when a later transposition flap is required.