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Thin-ideal internalization, body dissatisfaction and symptoms of eating disorders in Croatian adolescent girls.

Authors
  • Rukavina, T
  • Pokrajac-Bulian, A
Type
Published Article
Journal
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia Bulimia and Obesity
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2006
Volume
11
Issue
1
Pages
31–37
Identifiers
PMID: 16801743
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The aim of this investigation was to study the relationship between unhealthy eating habits and behaviors, perception and acceptance of societal standards regarding thinness, body dissatisfaction, and family and peer pressure to be thin. One hundred and twentythree high school girls from Rijeka (Croatia) were surveyed using Eating Attitudes Test (EAT- 26), Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ), Body Esteem Questionnaire for Adolescents and Adults (BES), and Scale of perceived pressure to be thin from family and peers. The results of path analyses showed that social pressure from family and peers, experience of weight-related teasing and criticism by family members, contributed to development of eating disturbance. The acceptance of social standards related to appearance, contributed to onset of disturbed eating habits. Weight satisfaction alone influences the development of some eating disorder symptoms, but it is also a mediator of higher body mass index (BMI) and internalization of societal appearance standards. Girls with higher BMI, who accepted societal standards of thin-ideal, perceived major social pressure to be thin through direct and persuasive comments designed to establish the importance of dieting, and probably develop eating disturbed habits, or some symptoms of anorexia (AN) or bulimia nervosa (BN).

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