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Therapeutic effect against retinal neovascularization in a mouse model of oxygen-induced retinopathy: bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells versus Conbercept

Authors
  • Xu, Wei1
  • Cheng, Weijing1, 2
  • Cui, Xiaoyuan1
  • Xu, Guoxing1, 2
  • 1 The First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, 20 Chazhong Road, Fuzhou City, 350005, China , Fuzhou City (China)
  • 2 Fujian Institute of Ophthalmology, Fuzhou, China , Fuzhou (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
BMC Ophthalmology
Publisher
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
Jan 06, 2020
Volume
20
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s12886-019-1292-x
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

BackgroundTo study the therapeutic effect of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSC) against retinal neovascularization and to compare with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy.MethodsNeonatal C57BL/6 mice were exposed in hyperoxygen and returned to room air to develop oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR). Red fluorescent protein-labeled BMSC and Conbercept were intravitreally injected into OIR mice, respectively. Inhibition of neovascularization and apoptosis in OIR mice were assessed through retinal angiography, histopathology and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay.ResultsBMSC were able to migrate and integrate into the host retina, significantly inhibit retinal neovascular tufts and remodel the capillary network after injecton. Treatment with BMSC increased the retinal vascular density, decreased the number of acellular capillaries and inhibited retinal cell death. This effect was not inferior to current anti-VEGF therapy by using Conbercept.ConclusionsIntravitreal injection of BMSC exerts a protective effect against retinal neovascularization and offers a therapeutic strategy for oxygen-induced retinopathy.

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