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The theory of planned behavior applied to cigarette smoking in African-American, Puerto Rican, and non-Hispanic white teenage females.

Authors
  • Hanson, M J
Type
Published Article
Journal
Nursing research
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1997
Volume
46
Issue
3
Pages
155–162
Identifiers
PMID: 9176505
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to evaluate the adequacy of Ajzen's Theory of Planned Behavior to predict cigarette-smoking intention in three groups of teenage females. Participants were 141 African-Americans, 146 Puerto Ricans, and 143 non-Hispanic whites, 13 to 19 years of age. Consistent with the Theory of Planned Behavior, path analysis revealed direct relationships among attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, and smoking intention for African-Americans. For Puerto Ricans and non-Hispanic whites, only the relationships among attitude, perceived behavioral control, and smoking intention were supported. Subjective norm was not found to be a significant predictor of smoking intention for these two groups. The results suggest that the Theory of Planned Behavior provides an empirically adequate explanation of cigarette smoking among female African-American teenage women.

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