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Theory of a.c. spin current noise and spin conductance through a quantum dot in the Kondo regime I: The equilibrium case

  • Moca, C. P.
  • Weymann, I.
  • Zarand, G.
Published Article
Publication Date
Jul 21, 2011
Submission Date
Jul 21, 2011
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.84.235441
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We analyze the equilibrium frequency-dependent spin current noise and spin conductance through a quantum dot in the local moment regime. Spin current correlations behave markedly differently from charge correlations. Equilibrium spin correlations are characterized by two universal scaling functions in the absence of an external field: one of them is related to charge correlations, while the other one describes cross-spin correlations. We characterize these functions using a combination of perturbative and non-perturbative methods. We find that at low temperatures spin cross-correlations are suppressed at frequencies below the Kondo scale, $T_K$, and a dynamical spin accumulation resonance is found at the Kondo energy, $\omega \sim T_K$. At higher temperatures, $T>T_K$, surprising low-frequency anomalies related to overall spin conservation appear in the spin noise and spin conductance, and the Korringa rate is shown to play a distinguished role. The transient spin current response also displays universal and singular properties.

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