Affordable Access

Publisher Website

A Theoretical Framework for Trait-Based Eco-Evolutionary Dynamics: Population Structure, Intraspecific Variation, and Community Assembly.

Authors
  • Wickman, Jonas
  • Koffel, Thomas
  • Klausmeier, Christopher A
Type
Published Article
Journal
The American Naturalist
Publisher
The University of Chicago Press
Publication Date
Apr 01, 2023
Volume
201
Issue
4
Pages
501–522
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1086/723406
PMID: 36958005
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

AbstractHow is trait diversity in a community apportioned between and within coevolving species? Disruptive selection may result in either a few species with large intraspecific trait variation (ITV) or many species with different mean traits but little ITV. Similar questions arise in spatially structured communities: heterogeneous environments could result in either a few species that exhibit local adaptation or many species with different mean traits but little local adaptation. To date, theory has been well-equipped to either include ITV or to dynamically determine the number of coexisting species, but not both. Here, we devise a theoretical framework that combines these facets and apply it to the above questions of how trait variation is apportioned within and between species in unstructured and structured populations, using two simple models of Lotka-Volterra competition. For unstructured communities, we find that as the breadth of the resource spectrum increases, ITV goes from being unimportant to crucial for characterizing the community. For spatially structured communities on two patches, we find no local adaptation, symmetric local adaptation, or asymmetric local adaptation, depending on how much the patches differ. Our framework provides a general approach to incorporate ITV in models of eco-evolutionary community assembly.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times