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Thematic areas and complexity of integrated community case management (iCCM) design, implementation, and evaluation: protocol for a scoping review

  • Karim, Aliya1, 2
  • Cobos Muñoz, Daniel1, 2
  • Mäusezahl, Daniel1, 2
  • de Savigny, Don1, 2
  • 1 The Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH), Socinstrasse 57, Basel, 4051, Switzerland , Basel (Switzerland)
  • 2 The University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland , Basel (Switzerland)
Published Article
Systematic Reviews
BioMed Central
Publication Date
Sep 03, 2020
DOI: 10.1186/s13643-020-01454-y
Springer Nature


BackgroundIntegrated community case management (iCCM) is a community-based child health strategy designed to reduce deaths due to pneumonia, malaria, and diarrhea in low-income countries. Due to the integrated nature of the intervention and the diversity of its stakeholders and activities, iCCM is complex and comprises many systems elements. However, the extent to which studies examine these different elements is unknown. The purpose of this scoping review is to summarize the key areas of emphasis of the iCCM literature and assess the extent to which this takes into account systems complexity.MethodsThis study will be guided by Arksey and O’Malley’s scoping review methodology. We will systematically screen MEDLINE, Web of Science, and the specialized platform Community Case Management (CCM) Central Library for published literature in English related to the design, implementation, and evaluation of iCCM. Two investigators will independently screen the full list of titles and abstracts for eligibility, followed by a full-text review of selected titles divided between investigators. Emergent themes will be categorized according to a thematic tool iteratively developed to guide the charting and analysis process. To compare the extent to which the literature assesses systems factors, we will compare our results with the iCCM Interagency Framework. We will use the Intervention Complexity Tool for Systematic Reviews (iCAT_SR) to assess how literature measures complexity. Results will be presented in narrative fashion, supplemented by interactive graphical interfaces.DiscussionThe results of this scoping review will identify the priorities and deficiencies of the analysis and evaluation of iCCM programs and may illustrate the need for systems approaches. Bottom-up emergent iCCM themes can help researchers, policymakers, and implementers target and better emphasize true priorities of iCCM. Understanding how complexity is considered and examined in iCCM may result in greater attention to this critical dimension of iCCM program assessment, resulting in the design and development of more robust and sustainable iCCM programs.

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