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The Synthesis of Polyamines from Methionine in Intact and Disrupted Leaf Protoplasts of Virus-Infected Chinese Cabbage 1

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  • Biology
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Abstract

In exploring the role of the chloroplast in the multiplication of turnip yellow mosaic virus, the biosyntheses of the major viral polyamine, spermidine, as well as that of the tetramine, spermine were studied. The synthesis of these polyamines from [2-14C]methionine in protoplasts of Chinese cabbage leaf cells derived from healthy plants or those infected by turnip yellow mosaic virus were examined. Populations of protoplasts of infected leaves are homogeneous with respect to containing chloroplast aggregates in contrast to those of healthy leaves. Protoplast preparations have been shown to incorporate methionine into protein, spermidine, and spermine more rapidly than do fresh leaf discs, which also show a very slow utilization of labeled arginine and ornithine into polyamine.

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