The Saccharomyces cerevisiae SCS2 gene has been cloned as a suppressor of inositol auxotrophy of CSE1 and hac1/ire15 mutants (J. Nikawa, A. Murakami, E. Esumi, and K. Hosaka, J. Biochem. 118:39–45, 1995) and has homology with a synaptobrevin/VAMP-associated protein, VAP-33, cloned from Aplysia californica (P. A. Skehel, K. C. Martin, E. R. Kandel, and D. Bartsch, Science 269:1580–1583, 1995). In this study we have characterized an SCS2 gene product (Scs2p). The product has a molecular mass of 35 kDa and is C-terminally anchored to the endoplasmic reticulum, with the bulk of the protein located in the cytosol. The disruption of the SCS2 gene causes yeast cells to exhibit inositol auxotrophy at temperatures of above 34°C. Genetic studies reveal that the overexpression of the INO1 gene rescues the inositol auxotrophy of the SCS2 disruption strain. The significant primary structural feature of Scs2p is that the protein contains the 16-amino-acid sequence conserved in yeast and mammalian cells. The sequence is required for normal Scs2p function, because a mutant Scs2p that lacks the sequence does not complement the inositol auxotrophy of the SCS2 disruption strain. Therefore, the Scs2p function might be conserved among eukaryotic cells.