The quality of girls' diets declines and tracks across middle childhood

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The quality of girls' diets declines and tracks across middle childhood

Publisher
BioMed Central
Publication Date
Feb 27, 2004
Source
PMC
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Unknown

Abstract

1479-5868-1-5.fm ral International Journal of Behavioral ss BioMed CentNutrition and Physical Activity Open AcceResearch The quality of girls' diets declines and tracks across middle childhood Michelle L Mannino1, Yoonna Lee2, Diane C Mitchell3, Helen Smiciklas- Wright4 and Leann L Birch*5 Address: 1Department of Human Development and Family Studies, The Pennsylvania State University, S-110 South Henderson, University Park, PA 16802, USA, 2Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University, Shilim-dong, San 56-1, Kwanak-gu, Seoul, Korea, 3Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, 5 Henderson Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA, 4Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, 5 Henderson Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA and 5Distinguished Professor, Department of Human Development and Family Studies, The Pennsylvania State University, 105N White Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA Email: Michelle L Mannino - [email protected]; Yoonna Lee - [email protected]; Diane C Mitchell - [email protected]; Helen Smiciklas- Wright - [email protected]; Leann L Birch* - [email protected] * Corresponding author Abstract Background: Food group intakes by US children are below recommendations and micronutrient inadequacies have been reported. There are few longitudinal data that focus on developmental changes in food and nutrient intake from early to middle childhood. We examined changes in nutrient and food group intakes over time and the tracking of intakes across middle childhood in a longitudinal sample of girls. Methods: Three multiple-pass 24-hour diet recalls were conducted in a sample of 181 non- Hispanic White girls at ages 5, 7, and 9 years. Food and nutrient data were averaged across 3 days. Analyses of time effects were conducted using repeated measures analysis of variance and tracking of intakes was assessed via rank analysis. Results: We found significant decreases in nutrient densities (intakes per

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