GTPase-activating protein (GAP) stimulates the ability of p21ras to hydrolyze GTP to GDP. Since GAP is phosphorylated by a variety of activated or oncogenic protein-tyrosine kinases, it may couple tyrosine kinases to the Ras signaling pathway. The epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor cytoplasmic domain phosphorylated human GAP in vitro within a single tryptic phosphopeptide. The same GAP peptide was also apparently phosphorylated on tyrosine in EGF-stimulated rat fibroblasts. Circumstantial evidence suggested that residue 460 might be the site of GAP tyrosine phosphorylation. This possibility was confirmed by phosphorylation of a synthetic peptide corresponding to the predicted tryptic peptide containing Tyr-460. Alteration of Tyr-460 to phenylalanine by site-directed mutagenesis diminished the in vitro phosphorylation of a bacterial GAP polypeptide by the EGF receptor. We conclude that Tyr-460 is a site of GAP tyrosine phosphorylation by the EGF receptor in vitro and likely in vivo. GAP Tyr-460 is located immediately C terminal to the second GAP SH2 domain, suggesting that its phosphorylation might have a role in regulating protein-protein interactions.