THE CALDERON PROBLEM IN TRANSVERSALLY ANISOTROPIC GEOMETRIES

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THE CALDERON PROBLEM IN TRANSVERSALLY ANISOTROPIC GEOMETRIES

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Abstract

We consider the anisotropic Calderón problem of recovering a conductivity matrix or a Riemannian metric from electrical boundary measurements in three and higher dimensions. In the earlier work [13], it was shown that a metric in a fixed conformal class is uniquely deter-mined by boundary measurements under two conditions: (1) the metric is conformally transversally anisotropic (CTA), and (2) the transversal manifold is simple. In this paper we will consider geometries satisfying (1) but not (2). The first main result states that the boundary mea-surements uniquely determine a mixed Fourier transform / attenuated geodesic ray transform (or integral against a more general semiclassical limit measure) of an unknown coefficient. In particular, one obtains uniqueness results whenever the geodesic ray transform on the transver-sal manifold is injective. The second result shows that the boundary measurements in an infinite cylinder uniquely determine the transversal metric. The first result is proved by using complex geometrical optics solutions involving Gaussian beam quasimodes, and the second result follows from a connection between the Calderón problem and Gel'fand's inverse problem for the wave equation and the boundary control method.

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