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The C-Terminal Proline-Rich Tail of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 2 Vpx Is Necessary for Nuclear Localization of the Viral Preintegration Complex in Nondividing Cells

Authors
Publisher
American Society for Microbiology
Publication Date
Source
PMC
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Disciplines
  • Biology
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Abstract

Human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2), like other lentiviruses, is capable of infecting nondividing T cells and macrophages. The present work shows that in HIV-2-infected cells, Vpx is necessary for efficient nuclear import of the preintegration complex. In agreement with this finding, the subcellular localization of a GFP-Vpx fusion protein was found to be predominantly nuclear. However, deletion of the proline-rich C-terminal 11 residues of Vpx resulted in a shift of the fusion protein to the cytoplasm. Furthermore, the same deletion in the context of the provirus resulted in a decrease in nuclear import of the preintegration complex and attenuated replication in macrophages.

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