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Th17/Treg imbalance is associated with reduced indoleamine 2,3 dioxygenase activity in childhood allergic asthma

Authors
  • Hu, Ying1
  • Chen, Zhiqiang1
  • Zeng, Jing1
  • Zheng, Shouyan1
  • Sun, Liujuan1
  • Zhu, Li1
  • Liao, Wei1
  • 1 The First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University, Chongqing, 400038, China , Chongqing (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology
Publisher
BioMed Central
Publication Date
Jul 07, 2020
Volume
16
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s13223-020-00457-7
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

BackgroundThe differentiation of CD4+ lymphocytes Th17/regulatory T cells (Treg) and indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is associated with the pathogenesis of allergic asthma. Basic research has shown that IDO is likely a “switch” of the transition from Th17 cells to Tregs under certain conditions. However, no relevant clinical studies have been reported on the association between IDO activity and Th17/Treg imbalance in children with allergic asthma. The goal of this study was to test whether indoleamine 2,3 dioxygenase (IDO) participates in the pathogenesis of pediatric allergic asthma by influencing Th17/regulatory T cell (Treg) differentiation and related cytokines.MethodsThirty-three children with allergic asthma and 33 healthy children were selected. The subjects were evaluated via a pulmonary function test, a skin prick test, and an eosinophil count. Peripheral blood was collected to measure Th17/Treg percentages and related cytokine levels. Blood and induced sputum were obtained to measure the IDO level.ResultsCompared with the control group, the patient group had an obvious Th17/Treg imbalance; their IDO levels were significantly lower, their IL-17 and IL-6 levels were markedly higher, and their IL-10 and TGF-β levels were markedly lower than those of the control group. The IDO levels in both blood and induced sputum were negatively correlated with the Th17/Treg ratio.ConclusionsA significant correlation was observed between IDO activity and Th17/Treg imbalance in children with allergic asthma. IDO may upregulate Treg numbers by stimulating IL-10 production and inhibiting IL-6 expression. Therefore, IDO may be a molecular switch that leads to the conversion of Th17 cells to Tregs, thus playing a potentially protective role in the pathogenesis of asthma.Trial registration This study was approved by the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry with registration number ChiCTR-COC-15006080 and was reviewed and approved by the Ethics Committee of Southwest Hospital. The name of registration: The effect of indoleamine 2,3 dioxygenase (IDO) on Regulation of Th17/Treg Differentiation in Childhood Asthma. Date of registration: 14/03/2015. URL of trial registry record: http://www.chictr.org.cn

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