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Tetanic responses of electrically stimulated paralyzed muscle at varying interpulse intervals.

Authors
  • Carroll, S G
  • Triolo, R J
  • Chizeck, H J
  • Kobetic, R
  • Marsolais, E B
Type
Published Article
Journal
IEEE transactions on bio-medical engineering
Publication Date
Jul 01, 1989
Volume
36
Issue
7
Pages
644–653
Identifiers
PMID: 2787276
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The influence of stimulus interpulse interval (IPI) on torque output during electrically-evoked contractions was investigated for the knee extensor muscles of paralyzed subjects. The parameters measured were the rise time, magnitude, and relaxation time of the contraction at stimulus IPI's ranging from 62 to 7 ms. Torque output increased as IPI's were decreased from 62 to 15 ms. Peak torques were recorded at IPI's of 12-15 ms; IPI's less than these resulted in an insignificant loss of torque. Rise times decreased as IPI's were decreased. Relaxation time generally increased as IPI's were decreased with the longest relaxation times occurring with stimulation at an IPI of 12 ms. To demonstrate the influence of IPI on muscle fatigue, the effect of prolonged stimulation at short (12 ms) and long (50 ms) IPI's was also compared. After 30 s of stimulation with an IPI of 12 ms, mean torque had declined to 5 +/- 3 percent and after 30 s of stimulation with an IPI of 50 ms, mean torque had declined to 82 +/- 4 percent of the initial value. Knowledge of how stimulus IPI influences the response of paralyzed muscle to electrical stimulation may assist in the development of rehabilitation devices which utilize these technologies.

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