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Termites and Chinese agricultural system: applications and advances in integrated termite management and chemical control.

Authors
  • Ahmad, Farhan1, 2
  • Fouad, Hatem1, 3
  • Liang, Shi-You1
  • Hu, Yin4
  • Mo, Jian-Chu1
  • 1 Ministry of Agriculture Key Lab of Molecular Biology of Crop Pathogens and Insect Pests, Institute of Insect Sciences, College of Agricultural and Biotechnology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China. , (China)
  • 2 Entomology Section, Central Cotton Research Institute, Sakrand, Shaheed Benazirabad, Sindh, Pakistan. , (Pakistan)
  • 3 Department of Field Crop Pests, Plant Protection Research Institute, Agricultural Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt. , (Egypt)
  • 4 National Termite Control Center, Hangzhou, China. , (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Insect Science
Publisher
Wiley (Blackwell Publishing)
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2021
Volume
28
Issue
1
Pages
2–20
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1111/1744-7917.12726
PMID: 31529680
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Termites are eusocial arthropod decomposers, and improve soil fertility, crop yield, and also are used by humans for their benefits across the world. However, some species of termites are becoming a threat to the farming community as they are directly and indirectly causing major losses to the agricultural system. It is estimated that termites cost the global economy more than 40 billion USD annually, and considerable research has been done on their management. In this review, we present the available information related to sustainable and integrated termite management practices (ITM). Furthermore, we insist that the better management of this menace can be possible through: (i) improving traditional methods to keep termites away from crops; (ii) improving agricultural practices to maintain plants with more vigor and less susceptible to termite attack; and (iii) integration of available techniques to reduce termite infestation in crops and surroundings. The application of an effective combination of traditional practices with recently developed approaches is the best option for agricultural growers. Moreover, keeping in mind the beneficial nature of this pest, more innovative efforts for its management, particularly using rapidly emerging technology (e.g., RNA interference), are needed. © 2019 The Authors. Insect Science published by John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd on behalf of Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

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