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The Temporal Precedence of Peer Rejection, Rejection Sensitivity, Depression, and Aggression Across Adolescence.

Authors
  • Beeson, Christina M L1
  • Brittain, Heather1
  • Vaillancourt, Tracy2, 3
  • 1 School of Psychology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada. , (Canada)
  • 2 School of Psychology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada. [email protected] , (Canada)
  • 3 Counselling Psychology, Faculty of Education, University of Ottawa, 145 Jean-Jacques-Lussier, Ottawa, ON, K1N 6N5, Canada. [email protected] , (Canada)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Child Psychiatry & Human Development
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2020
Volume
51
Issue
5
Pages
781–791
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10578-020-01008-2
PMID: 32462359
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

We examined the temporal precedence between perceived peer rejection, rejection sensitivity, depression, and aggression in a sample of 544 adolescents (55.7% girls; Mage = 14.96 years at the first measured time point) assessed yearly from Grade 9 to Grade 12. Using developmental cascade modelling to analyze the data, our study supported the symptoms-driven and social process models, in that perceived rejection was preceded by either depression or aggression at different times across adolescence. Similarly, rejection sensitivity was also preceded by depression and/or aggression. Although depression initiated the cascade leading to rejection sensitivity, our model also supported a bidirectional relation across late adolescence as rejection sensitivity also predicted future depression. Overall, our findings provide support that internalizing and externalizing problems lead to interpersonal difficulties with peers, such as perceived rejection and demonstrate the unique role of rejection sensitivity with regard to depression and aggression independent from perceived peer rejection.

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