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Temperament in preschool children with sickle cell anaemia.

Authors
  • Downes, Michelle1, 2
  • de Haan, Michelle2
  • O'Leary, Tess1
  • Telfer, Paul T3
  • Kirkham, Fenella J2
  • 1 School of Psychology, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland. , (Ireland)
  • 2 Developmental Neurosciences, UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, London, UK.
  • 3 Department of Haematology, Barts Health NHS Trust, Royal London Hospital, London, UK.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Archives of Disease in Childhood
Publisher
BMJ
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2020
Volume
105
Issue
9
Pages
900–902
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1136/archdischild-2018-315054
PMID: 30578248
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Few studies have investigated the potential impact of sickle cell anaemia (SCA) on temperament. The aim of the current study was to investigate temperament in preschool children with SCA and to establish the reliability of the Children's Behaviour Questionnaire (CBQ) in this population. The CBQ, a parent-report measure of temperament, was completed by parents of 21 preschool children with SCA and a control group of parents of typically developing children, matched for age, ethnicity and socioeconomic status. A significant difference between groups was identified for the dimension of negative affectivity only, with specific differences observed in the discomfort subdomain. Patients with a greater number of hospital admissions in the previous year were reported to have higher levels of discomfort. Preschool children with SCA are reported to have higher rates of negative affectivity, particularly discomfort. Future research is required to investigate the potential influence of dysregulated negative emotions and discomfort on disease management and quality of life throughout childhood. © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

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