Increased frequencies of Treg in peripheral blood of cancer patients are due to active proliferation rather than due to redistribution from other compartments (i.e., secondary lymphoid organs or bone marrow). In vivo expansion does not further shorten telomere length, probably due to induction of telomerase activity. In contrast, under conditions of strong in vitro stimulation telomerase induction seems to be insufficient to avoid progressive telomere shortening.
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This record was last updated on 07/03/2016 and may not reflect the most current and accurate biomedical/scientific data available from NLM.
The corresponding record at NLM can be accessed at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16362412