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Tecnologias para execução de revestimentos via soldagem automática das paredes d'água de usinas termelétricas

  • Carvalho, Renon Steinbach
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2015
Repositório Institucional da UFSC
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Abstract : The tubes that compose the walls of boilers of power plants suffer thickness loss by erosion and corrosion during operation, being that the reason why the reduction of thickness is evaluated periodically. The solution most utilized to increase the availability of power plants is the gas metal arc welding (GMAW) cladding of the walls of the boilers with more wear resistant metal alloys. The repairs are done locally or at a shop and, in the majority of times, manually. The operation in loco presents technical and economic problems because of difficult access, unfavorable welding positions, rework and excessive consumption of deposition material.The gains obtained with a robotic welding operation are many, however, conventional robots cannot be used for this job due to limitation of space for installation in the mounted scaffolding in the boiler. Also, in the operation at the shop there is the problem of stiffness of the base when installing the robot on a rail to increase its workspace. In this project, a robot was developed and built with the purpose of cladding surfaces through deposition of weld material. Also, a methodology was developed for the cladding of panels, at the shop, with the goal of replacing large affected areas of the boiler, as well as to manufacture boilers that are more resistant to wear. This procedure includes, besides the welding parameters and torch oscillation, a cooling technique for panels and a method that defines the sequence of the best welding, thus seeking to minimize thermal deformations in the tubes. The practical results of the panel cladding strategy, in laboratory and workshop, with stainless steel ER309L, in descending vertically, are presented in order to validate the equipment, proposed methodology and developed welding procedures.

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