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Team structure and regulatory focus: the impact of regulatory fit on team dynamic.

Authors
  • Dimotakis, Nikolaos
  • Davison, Robert B
  • Hollenbeck, John R
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of applied psychology
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2012
Volume
97
Issue
2
Pages
421–434
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1037/a0026701
PMID: 22181678
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

We report a within-teams experiment testing the effects of fit between team structure and regulatory task demands on task performance and satisfaction through average team member positive affect and helping behaviors. We used a completely crossed repeated-observations design in which 21 teams enacted 2 tasks with different regulatory focus characteristics (prevention and promotion) in 2 organizational structures (functional and divisional), resulting in 84 observations. Results suggested that salient regulatory demands inherent in the task interacted with structure to determine objective and subjective team-level outcomes, such that functional structures were best suited to (i.e., had best fit with) tasks with a prevention regulatory focus and divisional structures were best suited to tasks with a promotion regulatory focus. This contingency finding integrates regulatory focus and structural contingency theories, and extends them to the team level with implications for models of performance, satisfaction, and team dynamics.

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