KRAS mutations are currently the most frequently mutated oncogenes in non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC). A growing body of evidence suggests that targeting RAS could be an efficient strategy in NSCLC. Several approaches have been developed to target either RAS protein or downstream effectors such as RAF or MEK. First clinical trials evaluating farnesyltransferases inhibitors have led to unsuccessful results. However, targeting RAF and MEK could be a more efficient approach in NSCLC.