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Targeted metabolite analysis and biological activity of Pieris brassicae fed with Brassica rapa var. rapa.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
1520-5118
Publisher
American Chemical Society
Publication Date
Volume
57
Issue
2
Pages
483–489
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1021/jf8031638
PMID: 19115952
Source
Medline

Abstract

For the first time, an insect-plant system, Pieris brassicae fed with Brassica rapa var. rapa, was tested for its biological capacity, namely, antioxidant (DPPH*, *NO, and O(2)*- radicals) and antimicrobial (bacteria and fungi) activities. Samples from the insect's life cycle (larvae, excrements, exuviae, and butterfly) were always found to be more efficient than the host plant. Also, P. brassicae materials, as well as its host plant, were screened for phenolics and organic acids. The host plant revealed higher amounts of both compounds. Two phenolic acids, ferulic and sinapic, as well as kaempferol 3-Osophoroside, were common to insect (larvae and excrements) and plant materials, with excrements being considerably richer. Detection of sulfated compounds in excrements, absent in host plant, revealed that metabolic processes in this species involved sulfation. Additionally, deacylation and deglycosilation were observed. All matrices presented the same organic acids qualitative profile, with the exception of excrements.

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