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Systolic and diastolic performance in normal human subjects as measured by ultrafast computed tomography.

Authors
  • Wachspress, J D
  • Clark, N R
  • Untereker, W J
  • Kraushaar, B T
  • Kurnik, P B
Type
Published Article
Journal
Catheterization and cardiovascular diagnosis
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1988
Volume
15
Issue
4
Pages
277–283
Identifiers
PMID: 3228861
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Ultrafast computed tomography (ultrafast-CT) is a minimally invasive imaging modality with very short acquisition time and excellent anatomic definition. It shows promise of providing precise measurement of right and left ventricular volumes, left ventricular mass, and left ventricular diastolic function with a single test. We expand on the knowledge regarding normal humans by studying ten normal volunteers in the short axis. Cardiac volumes and mass (mean +/- 1 S.D.) were as follows: 1) left ventricle: end-diastolic volume index (ml/m2) = 61 +/- 15, end-systolic volume index (ml/m2) = 19 +/- 7, stroke volume index (ml/m2) = 43 +/- 9, cardiac index (liters/min/m2) = 2.7 +/- .5, ejection fraction (%) = 70 +/- 7, end-diastolic mass (g/m2) = 95 +/- 15; 2) right ventricle: end-diastolic volume index (ml/m2) = 76 +/- 19, end-systolic volume index (ml/m2) = 35 +/- 13, stroke volume index (ml/m2) = 40 +/- 8, cardiac index (liters/min/m2) = 2.6 +/- .5, ejection fraction (%) = 55 +/- 6. Stroke volume index differed by 1.6 +/- 2.0 ml/m2 between ventricles. Measurement of global and segmental left ventricular diastolic function revealed: 1) Peak filling rate (end-diastolic volumes/second): global = 2.29 +/- .40, base = 1.78 +/- .49, midventricle = 2.49 +/- .57, apex = 3.13 +/- .39 (P less than .001, base vs. apex; P less than .01, base vs. midventricle and midventricle vs. apex); 2) time to peak filling rate (msec): global = 193 +/- 24, base = 192 +/- 20, midventricle = 194 +/- 26, apex = 190 +/- 19 (P = NS between levels).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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