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Systemic sclerosis is associated with knee arthroplasty outcomes: a National US study.

Authors
  • Singh, Jasvinder A1, 2, 3
  • Cleveland, John D4
  • 1 Birmingham Veterans Affairs (VA) Medical Center, Birmingham, AL, USA. [email protected]
  • 2 Department of Medicine at the School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA. [email protected]
  • 3 Division of Epidemiology at the School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Faculty Office Tower 805B, 510 20th Street S, Birmingham, AL, 35294, USA. [email protected]
  • 4 Department of Medicine at the School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Clinical Rheumatology
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Nov 25, 2019
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10067-019-04754-4
PMID: 31444650
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

To assess whether systemic sclerosis (SSc) is associated with total knee arthroplasty (TKA) outcomes. We used the 1998-2014 US National Inpatient Sample. We conducted multivariable-adjusted logistic regression analyses to examine the association of a diagnosis of SSc with post-TKA in-hospital complications (implant infection, revision, transfusion, mortality) and healthcare utilization (hospital charges, hospital stay, non-home vs. home discharge). Odds ratios (OR) and 95 % confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Our cohort included 8,123,388 people without SSc and 3894 people with SSc. In multivariable-adjusted analyses, compared to people without SSc, people with SSc had higher odds of transfusion, hospital stay > 3 days and non-home discharge with higher OR of 1.42 (95 % CI, 1.20, 1.69), 1.29 (95 % CI, 1.11, 1.49), and 1.29 (95 % CI, 1.11, 1.49), respectively. No differences were seen in revision, 0.68 (95 % CI, 0.10, 4.69) or hospital charges above the median, 1.01 (95 % CI, 0.70, 1.46). Differences in implant infection or mortality were not estimable, since none of the patients with SSc had implant infection or died. Sensitivity analyses that adjusted the main analysis additionally for hospital-level variables confirmed study findings with minimal or no attenuation of OR. SSc was associated with higher risk of transfusion and increased healthcare utilization after TKA. Future studies should examine if interventions can address modifiable factors to further optimize these outcomes.Key Points• Systemic sclerosis was independently associated with higher healthcare utilization after TKA.• The adjusted odds of transfusion was higher in people with systemic sclerosis compared to those without systemic sclerosis who underwent TKA.

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