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A systematic review of occupational therapy intervention for handwriting skills in 4-6 year old children.

Authors
  • Kadar, Masne1
  • Wan Yunus, Farahiyah1
  • Tan, Eileen1
  • Chai, Siaw Chui1
  • Razaob Razab, Nor Afifi1
  • Mohamat Kasim, Durratul Husna1, 2
  • 1 Occupational Therapy Programme, Faculty of Health Sciences (Kuala Lumpur Campus), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. , (Malaysia)
  • 2 College of Allied Health Sciences, Ministry of Health Malaysia, Jalan Hospital, Sg. Buloh, Selangor, Malaysia. , (Malaysia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Australian occupational therapy journal
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2020
Volume
67
Issue
1
Pages
3–12
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1111/1440-1630.12626
PMID: 31799722
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Handwriting skills play a significant role in all stages of an individual's life. Writing interventions should be considered at a younger age to ensure proper development of writing skills. Hence, the aims of this study is to evaluate the current evidence of occupational therapy interventions in handwriting skills for 4-6 year old children. Published literature was systematically searched according to PRISMA guidelines using specific key terms. Initial search identified 785 studies; however only seven met the inclusion criteria and were assessed for final review. Studies were methodologically appraised using the McMaster Critical Review Form-Quantitative Studies. The review found no randomised control trial study design pertaining to the reviewed area. However, it can be seen that occupational therapy interventions for writing skills in 4-6 year old children managed to increase the targeted skills. The results were similar across samples with or without disabilities. An effective integration of occupational therapy interventions into educational curriculum was found to save both time and cost. The long-term benefit from these interventions and the effects of these interventions on a broader spectrum of fine motor abilities need to be explored further with stronger research designs. However, the lack of studies adopting high level study designs, i.e., RCT designs means, results need to be approached with caution by occupational therapists when implementing handwriting skills intervention in practice. © 2019 Occupational Therapy Australia.

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