Abstract Single crystals of bis (glycine) lithium molybdate [BGLM] with dimensions 20 mm × 10 mm × 5 mm were grown by slow evaporation technique. The grown crystals were subjected to powder X-ray diffraction studies. Functional groups of the crystallized molecules were confirmed by FTIR analyses. Transmission range of the crystal was determined by UV–vis–NIR spectra. Vickers microhardness test was performed on the prominent plane (0 1 1) of the grown crystal. The NLO property of the crystal was confirmed by Kurtz SHG test and compared with NLO efficiency of KDP crystal.