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Synthesis of DNA oligonucleotides containing site-specifically incorporated O6-[4-oxo-4-(3-pyridyl)butyl]guanine and their reaction with O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Chemical research in toxicology
Publication Date
Volume
12
Issue
2
Pages
127–131
Identifiers
PMID: 10027788
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

DNA pyridyloxobutylation occurs during the metabolic activation of the tobacco-specific nitrosamines, 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) and N'-nitrosonornicotine (NNN). This pathway contributes significantly to the carcinogenic and mutagenic activity of these nitrosamines. In general, the chemical structure of pyridyloxobutyl adducts are not well understood. Recently, an AGT reactive pyridyloxobutyl adduct was identified as O6-[4-oxo-4-(3-pyridyl)butyl]guanine (O6-pobG). To better understand the importance of this adduct to the biological activity of pyridyloxobutylating agents, we developed a method for site-specifically incorporating O6-pobG into DNA oligonucleotides. They were synthesized using the phosphoramidite of the precursor 2'-deoxy-O6-{3-[2-(3-pyridyl)-1,3-dithian-2-yl]propyl}guanosine. The dithiane group was oxidatively removed with N-chlorosuccinimide in a final postoligomerization reaction to generate the desired product. Human AGT with a polyhistidine tag was able to repair the O6-pobG-containing DNA oligonucleotide, generating unmodified oligonucleotide. These results are consistent with an alkyl group transfer mechanism for the repair of O6-pobG by AGT.

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