Three 1-aminoindanes, four anilines and BnOH or t-BuOH were reacted with chlorosulfonyl isocyanate to give sulfamoyl carbamates. Pd-C catalysed hydrogenolysis reactions of carbamates or deprotection of the Boc group of the carbamates with CF3 CO2 H afforded seven novel sulfamides. Human carbonic anhydrase (hCA) isoenzymes I and II (hCA I and hCA II) were purified from fresh human blood erythrocytes with one-step affinity chromatography on Sepharose 4B-tyrosine-sulfanilamide. The inhibitory properties of the novel sulfamides on both isoenzymes were determined using the esterase activity with 4-nitrophenyl acetate (NPA) as substrate. The tested novel sulfamides derived from 1-aminoindanes and anilines effectively inhibited hCA I and II competitively in the nanomolar range. Among these compounds, the novel sulfamide derivative 17 showed the most potent inhibitory effect against hCA I (Ki : 153.88 nM), while sulfamide derivative 26 showed the highest inhibitory potential against hCA II (Ki : 117.80 nM).