Synovial chondromatosis is an uncommon, benign condition of unknown etiology which affects articular joints. Foci of cartilage develop through metaplasia in the underlying connective tissue of the synovial membrane. These foci of cartilage enlarge with time into cartilage fragments, and may be detached from the affected synovium and released into the joint cavity. These cartilaginous foci and fragments may undergo calcification and ossification. The literature is reviewed and an additional case reported.