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Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint. Review of the literature and case report.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
International journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery
Publication Date
Volume
18
Issue
2
Pages
90–94
Identifiers
PMID: 2501415
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Synovial chondromatosis is an uncommon, benign condition of unknown etiology which affects articular joints. Foci of cartilage develop through metaplasia in the underlying connective tissue of the synovial membrane. These foci of cartilage enlarge with time into cartilage fragments, and may be detached from the affected synovium and released into the joint cavity. These cartilaginous foci and fragments may undergo calcification and ossification. The literature is reviewed and an additional case reported.

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