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Synergistic effects in bimetallic Pd–CoO electrocatalytic thin films for oxygen evolution reaction

Authors
  • Ehsan, Muhammad Ali1
  • Hakeem, Abbas Saeed1
  • Rehman, Abdul2
  • 1 King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran, 31261, Saudi Arabia , Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)
  • 2 King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, 31261, Saudi Arabia , Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Scientific Reports
Publisher
Springer Nature
Publication Date
Sep 02, 2020
Volume
10
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-71389-w
Source
Springer Nature
License
Green

Abstract

Bimetallic catalysts due to the synergistic effects often outperform their single-component counterparts while exhibiting structure and composition-dependent enhancement in active sites, thereby having the potential to improve the current density and over-potential parameters in the water oxidation reaction. Herein, we demonstrate a simple and rapid, yet highly efficient method to fabricate Pd–CoO films of immaculate homogeneity as characterized using different imaging and spectroscopic techniques. The SEM images revealed that the films were composed of bimetallic spherical granules wherein both metals were uniformly distributed in an atomic ratio of ~ 1:1. The time-dependent investigations of the film fabrication behavior demonstrated that the films formed in shorter deposition times (1–2 h) display more porous character, allowing better access to the reaction centers. This character was transcribed into their enhanced electrocatalytic performance toward the oxygen evolution reaction (OER). Using this specific bimetallic formulation, we could attain a low over-potential of 274 mV for a current density of 10 mA cm−2, whereas the high current density value of > 200 mA cm−2 was achieved while still under 600 mV of over-potential. The cycling and current generation stability was also found to be sufficiently high, which can only be attributed to the facile electron transfer processes and a higher number of active sites available in homogeneous bimetallic films.

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