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Synaptic activation of erratic burst-type myenteric neurons in cat small intestine.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
The American journal of physiology
Publication Date
Volume
240
Issue
6
Identifiers
PMID: 7246744
Source
Medline

Abstract

To study further the ongoing spike discharge of burst-type myenteric neurons, extracellular recordings were made with either Teflon-insulated Pt wire electrodes (tip diam, 20 micrometers) or 3 M NaCl-filled glass micropipettes (tip diam, 1-2 micrometers). Presynaptic fibers to the erratic bursters were activated by electrical shocks delivered through Teflon-insulated Pt wire electrodes. Single electrical shocks applied to either the surface of the ganglion or an interganglionic connective elicited bursts of spikes that had parameters (interspike intervals and spikes per burst) that closely resembled the spontaneously occurring bursts in the same neuron. The latencies of the responses to electrical stimulation ranged from 5 to 30 ms. The responses were reversibly abolished when the concentration of Mg2+ in the bathing solution was elevated to 12 mM. The responses to electrical stimulation were unaffected by atropine, hexamethonium, d-tubocurarine, epinephrine, norepinephrine, methysergide, morphine, naloxone, and substance P. The ongoing burst-type discharge of cat myenteric neurons appeared to reflect a synaptic event that could be mimicked by electrical stimulation of presynaptic fibers. The identity of the neurotransmitter that elicits the burst-type discharge is unknown. The transmitter is probably not acetylcholine, serotonin, norepinephrine, an opiatelike peptide, nor substance P.

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