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Symptom distress and life situation in adolescents with cancer.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Cancer Nursing
0162-220X
Publisher
Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer) - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Publication Date
Volume
20
Issue
1
Pages
23–33
Identifiers
PMID: 9033147
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Having a life-threatening disease like cancer during adolescence poses a number of problems. The purpose of this study was to identify the adolescent's own experience of areas of the life situation affected by the disease and problems related to it. Ten adolescents with varying diagnoses and treatment were interviewed. They also completed a quantitative measurement of problems. The result shows eight domains and 24 subdomains influencing the experience of life situation. Those were disease and treatment (side effects, isolation, medical procedures), identification (others are ill, appearance), feelings and reactions (mood, self-image, meaning, hope), coping (positive thinking, distraction, positive effects), togetherness (family, friends, school), support (family and friends, the youth association, professional support), reactions of the families (parents, siblings), and quality of care (professionalism, information, organization, equipment). The problems mentioned in the interviews are also compared with the quantitative measurement used. The adolescents mentioned 77 problems in the interviews, of which 17 were not on the list of problems. Of those 17, seven dealt with physical problems, and six were problems concerning the quality of care. They ranked wanting and depending on parents as the worst problems for themselves from the list of problems.

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