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Sustainable bioenergy for climate mitigation: developing drought-tolerant trees and grasses.

  • Taylor, G1, 2
  • Donnison, I S3
  • Murphy-Bokern, D4
  • Morgante, M5
  • Bogeat-Triboulot, M-B6
  • Bhalerao, R7
  • Hertzberg, M8
  • Polle, A9
  • Harfouche, A10
  • Alasia, F11
  • Petoussi, V12
  • Trebbi, D13
  • Schwarz, K14
  • Keurentjes, J J B15
  • Centritto, M16
  • Genty, B17
  • Flexas, J18
  • Grill, E19
  • Salvi, S20
  • Davies, W J21
  • 1 School of Biological Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.
  • 2 Department of Plant Sciences, University of California at Davis, Davis, CA, USA.
  • 3 Institute of Biological, Environmental & Rural Sciences (IBERS), Aberystwyth University, Plas Gogerddan, Aberystwyth, Ceredigion, UK.
  • 4 Lindenweg 12, Kroge-Ehrendorf, Lohne, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 5 Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, University of Udine, Via delle Scienze, Udine, Italy. , (Italy)
  • 6 Université de Lorraine, INRA, AgroParisTech, UMR Silva, Nancy, France. , (France)
  • 7 Department of Forest Genetics and Plant Physiology, Umea Plant Sciences Centre, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umea, Sweden. , (Sweden)
  • 8 SweTree Technologies AB, SE-904 03 Umeå, Sweden. , (Sweden)
  • 9 Büsgen-Institute, Department of Forest Botany and Tree Physiology, Georg-August University, Göttingen, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 10 Department for Innovation in Biological, Agro-food and Forest Systems, University of Tuscia, Viterbo, Italy. , (Italy)
  • 11 Franco Alasia Vivai, Strada Solerette, Savigliano, Italy. , (Italy)
  • 12 Department of Sociology, University of Crete, Rethymno, Greece. , (Greece)
  • 13 Geneticlab, Via Roveredo, Pordenone, Italy. , (Italy)
  • 14 Julius Kühn-Institut (JKI) Bundesforschungsinstitut für Kulturpflanzen, Institute for Crop and Soil Science, Bundesallee 50, D-38116 Braunschweig, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 15 Laboratory of Genetics, Wageningen University & Research, Droevendaalsesteeg, Wageningen, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 16 Trees and Timber Institute, National Research Council of Italy, Sesto Fiorentino, Italy. , (Italy)
  • 17 Aix-Marseille University, CEA, CNRS, BIAM, UMR 7265, Saint Paul lez Durance, France. , (France)
  • 18 Research Group on Plant Biology under Mediterranean Conditions, Departament de Biologia, Universitat de les Illes Balears, Carretera de Valldemossa, Palma de Mallorca, Illes Balears, Spain. , (Spain)
  • 19 Lehrstuhl für Botanik, Technische Universität München, Freising, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 20 Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, University of Bologna, Viale Fanin, Bologna, Italy. , (Italy)
  • 21 Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK.
Published Article
Annals of Botany
Oxford University Press
Publication Date
Oct 29, 2019
DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcz146
PMID: 31665761


Bioenergy crops are central to climate mitigation strategies that utilize biogenic carbon, such as BECCS (bioenergy with carbon capture and storage), alongside the use of biomass for heat, power, liquid fuels and, in the future, biorefining to chemicals. Several promising lignocellulosic crops are emerging that have no food role - fast-growing trees and grasses - but are well suited as bioenergy feedstocks, including Populus, Salix, Arundo, Miscanthus, Panicum and Sorghum. These promising crops remain largely undomesticated and, until recently, have had limited germplasm resources. In order to avoid competition with food crops for land and nature conservation, it is likely that future bioenergy crops will be grown on marginal land that is not needed for food production and is of poor quality and subject to drought stress. Thus, here we define an ideotype for drought tolerance that will enable biomass production to be maintained in the face of moderate drought stress. This includes traits that can readily be measured in wide populations of several hundred unique genotypes for genome-wide association studies, alongside traits that are informative but can only easily be assessed in limited numbers or training populations that may be more suitable for genomic selection. Phenotyping, not genotyping, is now the major bottleneck for progress, since in all lignocellulosic crops studied extensive use has been made of next-generation sequencing such that several thousand markers are now available and populations are emerging that will enable rapid progress for drought-tolerance breeding. The emergence of novel technologies for targeted genotyping by sequencing are particularly welcome. Genome editing has already been demonstrated for Populus and offers significant potential for rapid deployment of drought-tolerant crops through manipulation of ABA receptors, as demonstrated in Arabidopsis, with other gene targets yet to be tested. Bioenergy is predicted to be the fastest-developing renewable energy over the coming decade and significant investment over the past decade has been made in developing genomic resources and in collecting wild germplasm from within the natural ranges of several tree and grass crops. Harnessing these resources for climate-resilient crops for the future remains a challenge but one that is likely to be successful. © The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Annals of Botany Company. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: [email protected]

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