Sera from human, cattle, sheep, swine, and horse populations in western Canada were tested for the presence of Clostridium perfringens enterotoxin antibody by the passive hemagglutination (PHA) test, supplemented by an immunodiffusion test and by counterimmunoelectrophoresis. A total of 224 human, 345 cattle, 165 sheep, 620 swine, and 768 horse serum samples were examined. Low-titer reactions in the PHA test were detected in human, cattle, horse, and swine sera, in that order, with no titers demonstrated in sheep. The titers in human sera ranged up to 1:128 and three of these samples were also positive in the other two serological tests. The significance of this antibody is not clear, but it is suggested that the low prevalence of the antibody may reflect a low prevalence of enterotoxigenic C. perfringens strains in western Canada. Such serological surveys may be applicable to epidemiological studies involving enterotoxigenic C perfringens.