Objective: We reviewed the outcome of the patients with aspergilloma who were treated surgically.Methods: Between July 1991 and October 1996, 11 patients with pulmonary aspergilloma underwent surgery. One underwent sequential bilateral tboracotomy and two underwent re-operation. The total number of operations was 14. Surgical procedures consisted of 5 cavernostomies with muscle transposition, 3 cavernostomies with muscle transposition and thoracoplasty, 1 lobectomy 1 pneumonectomy, 1 segmentectomy and 3 partial resections.Results: Morbidity and mortality rates were 28.6% and 7.1%, respectively Two patients who underwent cavernostomy and muscle transposition experienced a relapse of aspergilloma 19 and 29 months after the operation, respectively, but both successfully underwent re-operation, including cavernostomy. Both are free of symptoms 28 and 30 months after re-operation, respectively. All survivors except for one who died of multiple organ failure remain free of symptoms 14 to 60 months after the most recent operation.Conclusion: Our experience was not a controlled trial and two relapsed cases had undergone cavernostomy, our series may suggest that single-stage cavernostomy with muscle transposition is a viable surgical option for patients with pulmonary aspergilloma.