We present the results of the surgical treatment of 50 supracondylar missile fractures of the femur in 48 patients wounded in the territory of the former Yugoslavia in the period June 1991-October 1995. The injuries were caused by bullets in 28 (58.3%) patients and by fragments of mines or other explosive devices in 20 (41.7%) patients. In nine (18.0%) missile supracondylar fractures there were associated fractures of articular surfaces in the knee-joint. Neurovascular bundle injuries were present in 19 (38.0%) and vascular injuries alone in 17 (34.0%) limbs. Bone fragments were stabilized by external fixation in 43 (86.0%) and by plaster of Paris in five (10.0%) limbs. Primary reconstruction of large blood vessel was necessary in 16 (32.0%) limbs. In total eight (16.0%) above knee amputations were done. Coverage of soft tissue defects was required in 19 (38.0%) limbs. Early and late postoperative complications occurred in 26 (52.0%) limbs. Additional surgical procedures were necessary in 15 patients. Definitive results showed a large number of limb shortenings, nerve paralyses and contractures of the knee-joint.