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Supportive psychodynamic psychotherapy versus treatment as usual for first-episode psychosis: two-year outcome.

Authors
  • Rosenbaum, Bent
  • Harder, Susanne
  • Knudsen, Per
  • Køster, Anne
  • Lindhardt, Anne
  • Lajer, Matilde
  • Valbak, Kristian
  • Winther, Gerda
Type
Published Article
Journal
Psychiatry
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2012
Volume
75
Issue
4
Pages
331–341
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1521/psyc.2012.75.4.331
PMID: 23244011
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

During recent decades, the field of treatment of schizophrenia has lacked empirical, systematic outcome studies that support psychodynamic psychotherapy as an evidence-based intervention for patients with schizophrenia. The Danish schizophrenia project (DNS) compared psychodynamic psychotherapy for psychosis with standard treatment in patients with a first-episode schizophrenia spectrum disorder. The study was designed as a prospective, comparative, longitudinal multi-site investigation of consecutively referred patients who were included during two years. The patients were treated with either manualized individual supportive psychodynamic psychotherapy (SPP) in addition to treatment as usual or with treatment as usual alone (TaU). Symptoms and functional outcomes were measured using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) and the Global Assessment of Functioning scale (GAF). The study included 269 consecutively admitted patients, age 18-35, of whom 79% remained in the study after two years. The intervention group improved significantly on measures of both PANSS and GAF scores, with large effect sizes at two years follow-up after inclusion. Further, improvement on GAF(function) (p = 0.000) and GAF(symptom) (p = 0.010) significantly favored SPP in combination with TaU over TaU alone. In spite of limitations, this study speaks in favor of including supportive psychodynamic psychotherapy in the treatment for patients with schizophrenic first-episode psychoses.

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