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The SuperCam Instrument Suite on the Mars 2020 Rover: Science Objectives and Mast-Unit Description

Authors
  • Maurice, S.1
  • Wiens, R. C.2
  • Bernardi, P.3
  • Caïs, P.4
  • Robinson, S.2
  • Nelson, T.2
  • Gasnault, O.1
  • Reess, J.-M.3
  • Deleuze, M.5
  • Rull, F.6
  • Manrique, J.-A.6
  • Abbaki, S.7
  • Anderson, R. B.8
  • André, Y.5
  • Angel, S. M.9
  • Arana, G.10
  • Battault, T.5
  • Beck, P.11
  • Benzerara, K.12
  • Bernard, S.12
  • And 147 more
  • 1 CNRS, Univ. Toulouse, CNES, Toulouse, France , Toulouse (France)
  • 2 Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA , Los Alamos (United States)
  • 3 Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, Sorbonne Univ., Univ. Paris-Diderot, Meudon, France , Meudon (France)
  • 4 CNRS, Univ. Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France , Bordeaux (France)
  • 5 Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales, Toulouse, France , Toulouse (France)
  • 6 University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Espagne , Valladolid (Spain)
  • 7 CNRS, Univ. Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, Sorbonne Univ., Guyancourt, France , Guyancourt (France)
  • 8 U.S. Geological Survey, Flagstaff, AZ, USA , Flagstaff (United States)
  • 9 University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA , Columbia (United States)
  • 10 University of Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Leioa, Bilbao, Spain , Bilbao (Spain)
  • 11 CNRS, Univ. Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France , Grenoble (France)
  • 12 Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France , Paris (France)
  • 13 CNRS, CEA, Univ. Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France , Bordeaux (France)
  • 14 Institut Supérieur en Aéronautique et Espace, Toulouse, France , Toulouse (France)
  • 15 Jet Propulsion Laboratory/Caltech, Pasadena, CA, USA , Pasadena (United States)
  • 16 University of Winnipeg, Winnipeg, Canada , Winnipeg (Canada)
  • 17 Univ. Lyon, Univ. Lyon 1, ENSL, CNRS, LGL-TPE, Villeurbanne, Lyon, 69007, France , Lyon (France)
  • 18 Univ. Toulouse, Toulouse, France , Toulouse (France)
  • 19 University of Hawaii, Manoa, HI, USA , Manoa (United States)
  • 20 CNRS, Univ. Lorraine, Nancy, France , Nancy (France)
  • 21 California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA , Pasadena (United States)
  • 22 University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark , Copenhagen (Denmark)
  • 23 CNRS, INP, Univ. Toulouse, Toulouse, France , Toulouse (France)
  • 24 Johns Hopkins University, Laurel, MD, USA , Laurel (United States)
  • 25 Universidad de Malaga, Malaga, Spain , Malaga (Spain)
  • 26 CNRS, Univ. Nantes, Nantes, France , Nantes (France)
  • 27 McGill University, Montreal, Canada , Montreal (Canada)
  • 28 CNRS, Univ. Grenoble Alpes, IRD, Univ. Savoie Mont Blanc, Grenoble, France , Grenoble (France)
  • 29 Agencia Estatal Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Madrid, Spain , Madrid (Spain)
  • 30 University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA , College Park (United States)
  • 31 State University of New York, Stony Brook, NY, 11794-2100, USA , Stony Brook (United States)
  • 32 University of Massachusetts, Lowell, MA, USA , Lowell (United States)
  • 33 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA , Albuquerque (United States)
  • 34 CNRS, Univ. Paris-Sud, Orsay, France , Orsay (France)
  • 35 Institute of Optical Sensor Systems, DLR, Berlin, Germany , Berlin (Germany)
  • 36 SETI Institute, Mountain View, CA, USA , Mountain View (United States)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Space Science Reviews
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Apr 12, 2021
Volume
217
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11214-021-00807-w
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

On the NASA 2020 rover mission to Jezero crater, the remote determination of the texture, mineralogy and chemistry of rocks is essential to quickly and thoroughly characterize an area and to optimize the selection of samples for return to Earth. As part of the Perseverance payload, SuperCam is a suite of five techniques that provide critical and complementary observations via Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS), Time-Resolved Raman and Luminescence (TRR/L), visible and near-infrared spectroscopy (VISIR), high-resolution color imaging (RMI), and acoustic recording (MIC). SuperCam operates at remote distances, primarily 2–7 m, while providing data at sub-mm to mm scales. We report on SuperCam’s science objectives in the context of the Mars 2020 mission goals and ways the different techniques can address these questions. The instrument is made up of three separate subsystems: the Mast Unit is designed and built in France; the Body Unit is provided by the United States; the calibration target holder is contributed by Spain, and the targets themselves by the entire science team. This publication focuses on the design, development, and tests of the Mast Unit; companion papers describe the other units. The goal of this work is to provide an understanding of the technical choices made, the constraints that were imposed, and ultimately the validated performance of the flight model as it leaves Earth, and it will serve as the foundation for Mars operations and future processing of the data.

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