Affordable Access

Sulfurihydrogenibium yellowstonense sp. nov., an extremely thermophilic, facultatively heterotrophic, sulfur-oxidizing bacterium from Yellowstone National Park, and emended descriptions of the genus Sulfurihydrogenibium, Sulfurihydrogenibium subterraneum and Sulfurihydrogenibium azorense.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology
Publication Date
Volume
55
Issue
Pt 6
Pages
2263–2268
Identifiers
PMID: 16280480
Source
Medline

Abstract

A novel thermophilic, sulfur-oxidizing Gram-negative bacterium, designated strain SS-5T, was isolated from the Calcite Hot Springs in Yellowstone National Park, USA. The cells were motile rods (1.2-2.8 microm long and 0.6-0.8 microm wide). The new isolate was a facultative heterotroph capable of using elemental sulfur or thiosulfate as an electron donor and O2 (1-18 %; optimum 6 %, v/v) as an electron acceptor. Hydrogen did not support growth. The isolate grew autotrophically with CO2. In addition, strain SS-5T utilized various organic carbon sources such as yeast extract, tryptone, sugars, amino acids and organic acids. Growth was observed between 55 and 78 degrees C (optimum 70 degrees C; 3.5 h doubling time), pH 6.0 and 8.0 (optimum pH 7.5), and 0 and 0.6 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 0 %). The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 32 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that the isolate was a member of the genus Sulfurihydrogenibium. On the basis of the physiological and molecular characteristics of the new isolate, we propose the name Sulfurihydrogenibium yellowstonense sp. nov. with SS-5T (=JCM 12773T=OCM 840T) as the type strain. In addition, emended descriptions of the genus Sulfurihydrogenibium, Sulfurihydrogenibium subterraneum and Sulfurihydrogenibium azorense are proposed.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.

Statistics

Seen <100 times
0 Comments