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A sufficient condition for a Rational Differential Operator to generate an Integrable System

Authors
  • Carpentier, Sylvain
Type
Preprint
Publication Date
May 11, 2016
Submission Date
May 11, 2016
Identifiers
arXiv ID: 1605.03472
Source
arXiv
License
Yellow
External links

Abstract

For a rational differential operator $L=AB^{-1}$, the Lenard-Magri scheme of integrability is a sequence of functions $F_n, n\geq 0$, such that (1) $B(F_{n+1})=A(F_n)$ for all $n \geq 0$ and (2) the functions $B(F_n)$ pairwise commute. We show that, assuming that property $(1)$ holds and that the set of differential orders of $B(F_n)$ is unbounded, property $(2)$ holds if and only if $L$ belongs to a class of rational operators that we call integrable. If we assume moreover that the rational operator $L$ is weakly non-local and preserves a certain splitting of the algebra of functions into even and odd parts, we show that one can always find such a sequence $(F_n)$ starting from any function in Ker B. This result gives some insight in the mechanism of recursion operators, which encode the hierarchies of the corresponding integrable equations.

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