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Succinct Representations of Dynamic Strings

Authors
  • He, Meng
  • Munro, J. Ian
Type
Preprint
Publication Date
Jun 23, 2010
Submission Date
May 25, 2010
Identifiers
arXiv ID: 1005.4652
Source
arXiv
License
Yellow
External links

Abstract

The rank and select operations over a string of length n from an alphabet of size $\sigma$ have been used widely in the design of succinct data structures. In many applications, the string itself need be maintained dynamically, allowing characters of the string to be inserted and deleted. Under the word RAM model with word size $w=\Omega(\lg n)$, we design a succinct representation of dynamic strings using $nH_0 + o(n)\lg\sigma + O(w)$ bits to support rank, select, insert and delete in $O(\frac{\lg n}{\lg\lg n}(\frac{\lg \sigma}{\lg\lg n}+1))$ time. When the alphabet size is small, i.e. when $\sigma = O(\polylog (n))$, including the case in which the string is a bit vector, these operations are supported in $O(\frac{\lg n}{\lg\lg n})$ time. Our data structures are more efficient than previous results on the same problem, and we have applied them to improve results on the design and construction of space-efficient text indexes.

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