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Successful pregnancy outcomes after preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) for carriers of chromosome translocations.

Authors
  • Ogilvie, C M
  • Braude, P
  • Scriven, P N
Type
Published Article
Journal
Human fertility (Cambridge, England)
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2001
Volume
4
Issue
3
Pages
168–171
Identifiers
PMID: 11591275
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Reciprocal translocations are found in about 1 in 500 people, whereas Robertsonian translocations occur with a prevalence of 1 in 1000. Balanced carriers of these rearrangements, although phenotypically normal, may present with infertility, recurrent miscarriage, or offspring with an abnormal phenotype after segregation of the translocation at meiosis. Once the translocation has been identified, prenatal diagnosis can be offered, followed by termination of pregnancies with chromosome imbalance. Couples who have suffered repeated miscarriage or those who have undergone termination of pregnancy as a result of the translocation carrier status of one partner are looking increasingly to preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) as a way of achieving a normal pregnancy. Similarly, infertile couples in which one partner is a translocation carrier may request PGD to ensure transfer of normal embryos after in vitro fertilization. Translocation PGD has been applied successfully in several centres worldwide and should now be considered as a realistic treatment option for translocation carriers who do not wish to trust to luck for a successful natural outcome.

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