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Substitution of arginine for glycine at position 847 in the triple-helical domain of the alpha 1 (I) chain of type I collagen produces lethal osteogenesis imperfecta. Molecules that contain one or two abnormal chains differ in stability and secretion.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Biological Chemistry
0021-9258
Publisher
American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Publication Date
Volume
265
Issue
30
Pages
18628–18633
Identifiers
PMID: 2211725
Source
Medline

Abstract

Dermal fibroblasts from a fetus with perinatal lethal OI synthesized normal and abnormal type I procollagen molecules. The abnormal molecules contained one or two pro alpha 1 (I) chains in which glycine at position 847 in the triple helical region was substituted by arginine as the result of a de novo G-to-A transition in the first base of the glycine codon. The substitution resulted in increased posttranslational modification amino-terminal of the mutation site of all chains in molecules that contained one or more abnormal chains. Secretion of the overmodified molecules was impaired, and intracellular retention of molecules which contained two abnormal chains was greater than that of molecules which contained one abnormal chain. The thermal stability of molecules that contained two abnormal chains was markedly lower than that of molecules containing one abnormal chain. After cleavage of molecules with vertebrate collagenase, the thermal stability of the overmodified A fragments was greater than that of the normal molecules. Our findings indicate that the cell distinguishes three classes of molecules and suggest that these molecules differ depending on the number of abnormal chains in the trimer.

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