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Substance abuse and HIV/STD prevention at a Hispanic-serving institution in South Texas: A study of racial/ethnic and gender heterogeneity and intersectionality.

Authors
  • Sunil, Thankam S1, 2
  • Xu, Xiaohe1, 3
  • 1 The University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX.
  • 2 West China School of Public Health, Sichuan University, China. , (China)
  • 3 School of Public Administration, Sichuan University, China. , (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of ethnicity in substance abuse
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2021
Volume
20
Issue
2
Pages
257–274
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/15332640.2019.1641173
PMID: 31328656
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine racial/ethnic and gender variations and intersectionality in the knowledge, attitudes, intentions, and behaviors pertaining to substance abuse (SA) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/sexually transmitted disease (STD) prevention among racial/ethnic minority college students (ages 18-24) in South Texas. A total of 535 minority students completed a baseline survey between 2014 and 2016 (N = 535). Results revealed statistically significant (ranging from p < .05 to p < .001) racial/ethnic and gender variations in SA and HIV/STD prevention-related knowledge, attitudes, intentions, and behaviors. However, the significant interaction effects (i.e., intersectionality) were observed only for two of the nine composite variables. That is, although male minority students exhibited lower levels of awareness of sexual risks and safe sex negotiation skills than female minority students, Hispanic male students appeared to fare better in both awareness of sexual risks (p < .01) and safe sex negotiation skills (p < .05) compared to students of other racial/ethnic origin. Implications for prevention and intervention work involving minority college students are discussed.

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