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Submarine morphology of the Comoros volcanic archipelago

Authors
  • Tzevahirtzian, A.
  • Zaragosi, S.
  • Bachèlery, P.
  • Biscara, L.
  • Marchès, E.
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2021
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.margeo.2020.106383
OAI: oai:HAL:hal-03101352v1
Source
HAL-INRIA
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown
External links

Abstract

A detailed morpho-bathymetric study of the Comoros archipelago, based on mostly unpublished bathymetric data, provides a first glimpse into the submarine section of these islands. It offers a complete view of the distribution of volcanic structures around the archipelago, allowing to discuss the origin and evolution of this volcanism. Numerous volcanic cones and erosional-depositional features have been recognized throughout the archipelago. The magmatic supply is focused below one or several volcanoes for each island, but is also controlled by lithospheric fractures evidenced by volcanic ridges, oriented along the supposed Lwandle-Somali plate boundary. Massive mass-wasting morphologies also mark the submarine flanks of each island. Finally, the submarine geomorphological analysis made possible to propose a new scheme for the succession of the island's growth, diverging from the east-west evolution previously described in the literature.

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