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Stumbling corrective responses in healthy human subjects to rapid reversal of treadmill direction.

Authors
  • Vilensky, J A
  • Cook, J A
  • Cooper, J L
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Jun 01, 1999
Volume
9
Issue
3
Pages
161–171
Identifiers
PMID: 10328411
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The kinematics of stumbling and recovery induced by a rapidly reversing treadmill is described for eight healthy adults. Stability was achieved in approximately 400 ms following treadmill reversal (initiated at heel-strike) and the ensuing stumble. It appeared to be accomplished primarily by rapid flexion of the thigh and knee of the stance limb, which prevented damage to the knee joint and lowered the trunk, and by extension of the contralateral joints (swing limb), which contacted the ground presumably to deliver an impulsive thrust to counter the backward lean of the trunk. The movements of the ankle also contributed to the recovery from the stumble, but its movements were markedly more variable among the subjects than those of the thigh and knee. The observed kinematics to some extent resembled a crossed-extension reflex, which may have been triggered by muscle, joint, cutaneous or vestibular afferents. These data should provide a baseline by which to compare groups in which recovery from stumbling is known to be deficient (e.g., the elderly).

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