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A study of prescribing patterns at different health care facilities in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
East African Medical Journal
0012-835X
Publisher
African Journals Online
Publication Date
Volume
71
Issue
5
Pages
314–316
Identifiers
PMID: 7925064
Source
Medline

Abstract

A survey of outpatient prescriptions in three district hospitals, four health centres, and ten dispensaries in Dar es Salaam region has been undertaken, and the significance of the data especially as it relates to prescribing patterns is discussed. The data indicate that the average number of items (drugs) per prescription in hospitals, health centres, and dispensaries was 2.4 +/- 0.16, 2.1 +/- 0.5, and 1.9 +/- 0.2 (+/- SD) respectively, while injections accounted for 18, 20, and 32 percent of all prescriptions in hospitals, health centres and dispensaries respectively. On the other hand, antibiotics accounted for 40, 35 and 36 percent of all prescriptions in hospitals, health centres and dispensaries respectively. Generic prescribing was very high in all health facilities and accounted for approximately 80% of all prescriptions. Prescriptions containing fixed drug combinations were not common.

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