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Study on the morphological characteristics and rotational alignment axis of placement plane of the tibial component in total knee arthroplasty for hemophilia-related knee arthritis

  • Feng, Ru
  • Zhong, Qigang
  • Zheng, Liujie
  • Ye, Houlong
  • Luo, Dasheng
  • Ding, Mingyang
  • Pang, Nanyu
  • Li, Jiale
  • Yao, Yunfeng
Published Article
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
Jun 14, 2022
DOI: 10.1186/s13018-022-03176-4
PMID: 35701787
PMCID: PMC9195305
PubMed Central
  • Research


Background Abnormal epiphyseal growth plate development of the proximal tibia in hemophilia patients leads to notable morphological changes in the mature knee joint. This study aimed to compare the morphological characteristics of tibial component placement cut surface in patients with hemophilic arthritis (HA) and osteoarthritis (OA) and to determine the tibial component rotational alignment axis’ best position for HA patients. Methods Preoperative computed tomography scans of 40 OA and 40 HA patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty were evaluated using a three-dimensional (3D) software. The tibial component’s placement morphological parameters were measured. The tibial component’s rotational mismatch angles were evaluated, and the most appropriate 0°AP axis position for HA patients was investigated. Results In the two groups, the morphology was significantly different in some of the parameters ( p < 0.05). The tibial component rotational mismatch angles were significantly different between both groups ( p < 0.05). The medial 9.26° of the medial 1/3 of the patellar tendon was the point through which 0°AP axis passed for the HA patients. Similarly, the medial 13.02° of the medial 1/3 of the tibial tubercle was also the point through which the 0°AP axis passed. Conclusions The ratio of the anteroposterior length to the geometric transverse length of the placement section of the tibial component in HA patients was smaller than that in OA patients. The medial 9.26° of the medial 1/3 of the patellar tendon or the medial 13.02° of the medial 1/3 of the tibial tubercle seem to be an ideal reference position of the rotational alignment axis of the tibial component for HA patients.

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